CentOS(Community Enterprise Operating System) is an exceptional Linux1 distribution based on the Red Hat Enterprise Linux distribution.
What is a Virtual Host
A virtual host is a way for Apache to host different sites depending on the configuration. If you want your server, mostly likely a VPS or just your local machine, you can set virtual hosts for more than one website to work.
The guide assumes that you have Apache installed. If not, you should run the following command:
yum install httpd
Prepare your website
Create a directory in
example.com can be anything. In our example, we will use
example.com. In the
example.com folder, create a file called
index.html and put the following code.
<html> <head><title>Website 1</title></head> <body>The Body of the First Website</body> </html>
The Apache configuration for CentOS(Community Enterprise Operating System) is found at
/etc/httpd/conf/ folder. The configuration file is
We will need to modify the file.
Below the file, you will find something similar to the following:
# # VirtualHost example: # Almost any Apache directive may go into a VirtualHost container. # The first VirtualHost section is used for requests without a known # server name. # #<VirtualHost *:80> # ServerAdmin email@example.com # DocumentRoot /www/docs/dummy-host.example.com # ServerName dummy-host.example.com # ErrorLog logs/dummy-host.example.com-error_log # CustomLog logs/dummy-host.example.com-access_log common #</VirtualHost>
Copy and paste the Virtualhost directive and uncomment. Configure it depending on the location of the website your created above. You should have something like the following:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin firstname.lastname@example.org DocumentRoot /var/www/html/example.com ServerName example.com ErrorLog logs/example.com-error_log CustomLog logs/example.com-access_log common </VirtualHost>
You will need to restart Apache for it to load the new configurations.
service httpd restart Stopping httpd: [ OK ] Starting httpd: [ OK ]
You should now see your website when you visit
Rinse and Repeat
To create another Virtualhost, you would just duplicate the steps above. Create a your website and point the virtualhost to the right location.
If you have another website called
example2.com, you would have this in the
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin email@example.com DocumentRoot /var/www/html/example.com ServerName example.com ErrorLog logs/example.com-error_log CustomLog logs/example.com-access_log common </VirtualHost> <VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin firstname.lastname@example.org DocumentRoot /var/www/html/example2.com ServerName example2.com ErrorLog logs/example2.com-error_log CustomLog logs/example2.com-access_log common </VirtualHost>
Virtualhosts are quite easy to create with Apache. However, here are some notes to consider:
- Be careful not to duplicate virtualhosts. This will cause errors.
- There will be warnings when you create virtualhosts that point to an invalid location.
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